Earlier this year, we named the first five recipients of our Smart Cities Council Readiness Challenge Grants, a program we developed to help cities take that next step toward taking full advantage of smart technologies. This week, I had the pleasure of visiting Austin, which is using its grant resources, in large part, to try to right a nearly 100-year-old wrong.
Austin consistently ranks as one of the U.S.’s fastest growing cities. But it’s also one of the most economically segregated. Throughout its Readiness Workshop, participants discussed how to make smart technologies pay off for everyone — not just those who usually benefit.
It’s an inspiring story and one that you can hear directly from Austin. Representatives of it and our other four grant winning cities — Indianapolis, Miami, Orlando and Philadelphia — will be presenting at Smart Cities Week Silicon Valley, May 8-10, in Santa Clara, CA. These cities have great stories to tell and I encourage you to attend and listen. — Kevin Ebi
Nearly 150 people will move to Austin today. Another 150 will move in tomorrow. And another 150 the day after that. The city adds about 1,000 residents a week. Every week. It has topped Forbes’ list of fastest-growing American cities four years running.
“We’re obviously doing something right,” said Austin City Council Member Ann Kitchen, kicking off the city’s Smart Cities Council Readiness Challenge Grant Workshop.
But Austin aspires to do much better.
“As I look around at the cities that are chasing the smart cities title,” said Mayor Steve Adler, “it’s tough to identify any city at this point that would actually qualify as a smart city because nobody has been able to realize the vision and potential that we all think this has. … I really do think that Austin is among a handful of cities around the world that has the ingredients to figure out and to be able to do this.”
Technology for people, not tech for tech
The city council has already called for a smart cities blueprint, which participants at the Readiness Challenge Grant Workshop helped shape. In particular, Kitchen called on participants to help the city set priorities and coordinate efforts, but to do so in a way that makes a meaningful difference for people.
“This is not so much about technology,” Kitchen said. “Tech is the easy part. The hard part is adoption — really using technology and changing how we do things.”
It’s a sentiment the mayor echoes.
“There are lots of cities that have an element of shiny-penny technology embedded in that city, but you won’t find a city that really is using it across the board and deploying it to help people,” Adler said. “That is what a smart city is.”
Fixing an 89-year-old wrong
Austin’s success isn’t shared equally. The University of Toronto's Martin Prosperity Institute found more economic segregation in Austin than in any other major metropolitan area in the U.S. To be fair, it’s hardly an issue unique to Austin; three of the five most economically-segregated cities are in Texas.
For Austin, the problem began with a community master plan crafted in 1928. It was drawn to drive black residents to the eastern portion of the city. Prosperity, meanwhile, rose virtually everywhere else.
In Austin today there’s a firm belief that smart cities technologies are the tools that will finally allow the city to sharply reduce that segregation, providing an opportunity that hasn’t existed before. But smart cities technologies by themselves won’t do that. The city also has to be smart about using them.
Kerry O’Connor, Austin’s Chief Innovation Officer, talks about how initiatives that seem like good ideas can actually double-down on racism. Case in point: Boston developed an app that uses sensors within a smartphone to detect when its owner has driven over a pothole, automatically alerting the city’s public works department. Sounds great, right?
O’Connor asked participants to consider where an app like that would likely to be used in Austin. Given that it requires a smartphone and a data plan, the city is likely only to get pothole reports from more prosperous areas. If those are the only potholes the city responds to, the economic divide grows.
“If our city is not accessible to 100 percent of our citizens, it is not a smart city,” she said. “It’s important to make sure that we’re solving for everybody.”
Listening to unheard voices
But to raise underserved populations up, you have to know if the voices that you need to listen to are not at your table. Austin Data Architect Ted Lehr says that when cities focus on deploying technology, they usually focus on “people like us” — professionals with good jobs. He said they have to find ways to reach those who aren’t usually reached.
“If at the end of this process we still have what some say is the most economically-segregated area in the country, we’ve done something wrong,” Lehr said. “We’re not just doing this for us. Our measures have to be, `What is the impact on the folks who don’t traditionally benefit from things like this?’”
Workshop participants had a wide range of suggestions, but several spoke directly to the issue of making the city more inclusive.
To the issue of hearing from people who don’t usually have a voice in government, participants suggested setting up kiosks in neighborhood meeting places that would provide information and gather feedback through polls and surveys. Participants also encouraged the city to develop communication strategies with a variety of personas in mind, realizing that a one-size-fits-all strategy doesn’t reach all.
Participants also want the city to do a better job of using data to help people find affordable housing. One idea involves creating a portal that allows people seeking housing to better see what’s available and to allow owners and prospective tenants to interact in real-time. On a longer-term basis, they envision a tool that sifts through all the available properties and suggests places that meet an individual’s needs and using predictive analytics to develop more innovative affordable housing projects. They also asked about the legality of suspending some rules in small areas in order to test affordable housing concepts.
Quality healthcare is also a barrier for many, with lack of access holding people back. Workshop participants suggested developing a single medical-record system allowing all providers to get a comprehensive view of patients so that medical issues don’t slip through the cracks.
“As great as our city is, it’s not equally great for everyone in all ways,” said Jay Boisseau, founder of Austin CityUP, a consortium that aims to help the city use smart technologies. “There are things that we can do to make it better for many people.”
Register for Smart Cities Week Silicon Valley …
Make plans to attend Smart Cities Week Silicon Valley, May 8-10 in Santa Clara, CA, to hear from Austin and our other Smart Cities Council Readiness Challenge Grant winning cities. Register today.